Westminster Shorter Catechism #31

Question #31:

What is effectual calling?

Answer:

Effectual calling is the work of God’s Spirit, whereby, convincing us of our sin and misery, enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ, and renewing our wills, he doth persuade and enable us to embrace Jesus Christ, freely offered to us in the gospel.

“…who has saved us and called us to a holy life — not because of anything we have done but because of his own purpose and grace.  This grace was given us in Christ Jesus before the beginning of time…” 2 Timothy 1:9

“But we ought always to thank God for you, brothers loved by the Lord, because from the beginning God chose you to be saved through the sanctifying work of the Spirit and through belief in the truth. He called you to this through our gospel, that you might share in the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.” 2 Thessalonians 2:13-14

“When the people heard this, they were cut to the heart and said to Peter and the other apostles, ‘Brothers, what shall we do?'” Acts 2:37

“‘…to open their eyes and turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God, so that they may receive forgiveness of sins and a place among those who are sanctified by faith in me.'” Acts 26:18

“I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit in you; I will remove from you your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh. And I will put my Spirit in you and move you to follow my decrees and be careful to keep my laws.” Ezekiel 36:26-27

“‘No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him, and I will raise him up at the last day. It is written in the Prophets: “They will all be taught by God.” Everyone who listens to the Father and learns from him comes to me.'” John 6:44-45

“…for it is God who works in you to will and to act according to his good purpose.” Philippians 2:13

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Westminster Shorter Catechism #30

Question #30:

How doth the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by Christ?

Answer:

The Spirit applieth to us the redemption purchased by Christ, by working faith in us, and thereby uniting us to Christ in our effectual calling.

“And you also were included in Christ when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation. Having believed, you were marked in him with a seal, the promised Holy Spirit, who is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are God’s possession — to the praise of his glory.” Ephesians 1:13-14

“For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith — and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God…” Ephesians 2:8

“All that the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never drive away. And this is the will of him who sent me, that I shall lose none of all that he has given me, but raise them up at the last day.” John 6:37, 39

“…so that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith…” Ephesians 3:17

“God, who has called you into fellowship with his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, is faithful.” 1 Corinthians 1:9

Westminster Shorter Catechism #29

Question #29:

How are we made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ?

Answer:

We are made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ, by the effectual application of it to us by his Holy Spirit.

“Yet to all who received him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God…” John 1:12

“…he saved us, not because of righteous things we had done, but because of his mercy. He saved us through the washing of rebirth and renewal by the Holy Spirit, whom he poured out on us generously through Jesus Christ our Savior,…” Titus 3:5-6

Westminster Shorter Catechism #28

Question #28:

Wherein consisteth Christ’s exaltation?

Answer:

Christ’s exaltation consisteth in his rising again from the dead on the third day, in ascending up into heaven, in sitting at the right hand of God the Father, and in coming to judge the world at the last day.

“…that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures,…” 1 Corinthians 15:4

“After the Lord Jesus had spoken to them, he was taken up into heaven and he sat at the right hand of God.” Mark 16:19

“For he has set a day when he will judge the world with justice by the man he has appointed. He has given proof of this to all men by raising him from the dead.” Acts 17:31

Westminster Shorter Catechism #26

Question #26:

How doth Christ execute the office of a king?

Answer:

Christ executeth the office of a king, in subduing us to himself, in ruling and defending us, and in restraining and conquering all his and our enemies.

“Your troops will extend your mighty scepter from Zion; you will rule in the midst of your enemies.” Psalm 110:3

“For the LORD is our judge, the LORD is our lawgiver, the LORD is our king; it is he who will save us.” Isaiah 33:22

“For he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet.” 1 Corinthians 15:25

Westminster Shorter Catechism #25

Question #25:

How doth Christ execute the office of a priest?

Answer:

Christ executeth the office of a priest, in his once offering up of himself a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice, and reconcile us to God, and in making continual intercession for us.

“…so Christ was sacrificed once to take away the sins of the many people; and he will appear a second time, not to bear sin, but to bring salvation to those who are waiting for him.” Hebrews 9:28

“For this reason he had to be made like his brothers in every way, in order that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, and that he might make atonement for the sins of the people.” Hebrews 2:17

“Therefore he is able to save completely those who come to God through him, because he always lives to intercede for them.” Hebrews 7:25

Westminster Shorter Catechism #24

Question #24:

How doth Christ execute the office of a prophet?

Answer:

Christ executeth the office of a prophet, in revealing to us, by his Word and Spirit, the will of God for our salvation.

“No one has ever seen God, but God the One and Only, who is at the Father’s side, has made him known.” John 1:18

“But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.” John 20:31

Westminster Shorter Catechism #23

Question #23:

What offices doth Christ execute as our Redeemer?

Answer:

Christ, as our Redeemer, executeth the offices of a prophet, of a priest, and of a king, both in his estate of humiliation and exaltation.

“For Moses said, ‘The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people; you must listen to everything he tells you.'” Acts 3:22

“And he says in another place, ‘You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.'” Hebrews 5:6

“‘I have installed my King on Zion, my holy hill.'” Psalms 2:6

Westminster Shorter Catechism #22

Question #22:

How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?

Answer:

Christ, the Son of God, became man, by taking to himself a true body, and a reasonable soul, being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the Virgin Mary, and born of her, yet without sin.

“Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity …” Hebrews 2:14

“Then he said to them, ‘My soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death.” Matthew 26:38

“The angel answered, ‘The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God.'” Luke 1:35

“Such a high priest meets our need — one who is holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens.” Hebrews 7:26

Westminster Shorter Catechism #21

Question #21:

Who is the Redeemer of God’s elect?

Answer:

The only Redeemer of God’s elect is the Lord Jesus Christ, who, being the eternal Son of God, became man and so was, and continueth to be, God and man in two distinct natures, and one person, forever.

“For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himself as a ransom for all men — the testimony given in its proper time.” 1 Timothy 2:5-6

“The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.” John 1:14

“But when the time had fully come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under law, to redeem those under law, that we might receive the full rights of sons.” Galations 4:4-5

“Theirs are the patriarchs, and from them is traced the human ancestry of Christ, who is God over all, forever praised! Amen.” Romans 9:5

“But because Jesus lives forever, he has a permanent priesthood. Therefore he is able to save completely those who come to God through him, because he always lives to intercede for them.” Hebrews 7:24-25